What’s good for teenage acne?

When it comes to What’s good for teenage acne?, knowledge is your best ally. Know your situation. Know how severe it is. Know what to do about it. And most importantly, take action quickly. Acne can be like homework, if you let it pile up, it can become very difficult to overcome.

Visit a Doctor – The process will be like this,

1. Start with an antibiotic course for 4 days. helps control acne in 3-4 days.

2. Start using Benzoyl Peroxide, you can use it for 1-2 months. Once its in control you can move to milder stuff. Remember Benzoyl peroxide is drying to skin.

3. Get  a Professional PEEL done, It should clear you acne in 15days. But you skin should feel very dry. you have to bear with it.

At Home Treatment

1. Start using a 2% Salcylic acid product at home daily.

2. Use a benzoyl peroxide 2.5 % gel . Your skin may start to dry a lot

3. Use a moisturising gel. Sebamed clear face gel is a good basic one that wont clog your pores. Aloe gels are Ok but I don’t like sticky and over shiny gels. Even if the gels wont completely moisture your dry skin, its ok, bear with it , don’t go for richer creams for a while.

4. After its cleared, Stop Benzoyl Peroxide. You may use Benzoyl peroxide as a spot treatment in future. Continue with Salcylic acid gels. It really does more than controlling acne.

5.  Use Natural stuff(instead of benzoyl peroxide) made with –  Neem, Green tea , tea tree, clove gels/face packs. They work in similar way without much side effects.

Caution – I find many gels use Menthol for cooling effect (spearmint/ peppermint), they may cause sun sensitivity and skin darkening in the long run.

Lifestyle changes-

1. Sleep on time

2. Stress less – Find ways to relax/meditate/ and make youself happy (IF YOU CAN DO ONE THING, THIS IS IT! )

3. Eat healthy – less salt, less saturated fats, No tomatoes, Eat 1/2 Cucumbers per day. Try to reduce acidic foods.

4. Exercise or walk for 30 min, Find your fav songs to move you!

Ovarian cysts

 

Many women have ovarian cysts at some time. Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless. The majority disappears without treatment within a few months.

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. Women have two ovaries — each about the size and shape of an almond — on each side of the uterus. Eggs (ova), which develop and mature in the ovaries, are released in monthly cycles during the childbearing years.

However, ovarian cysts — especially those that have ruptured — can cause serious symptoms. To protect your health, get regular pelvic exams and know the symptoms that can signal a potentially serious problem

Symptoms

Most cysts don’t cause symptoms and go away on their own. However, a large ovarian cyst can cause:

  • Pelvic pain — a dull or sharp ache in the lower abdomen on the side of the cyst
  • Fullness or heaviness in your abdomen
  • Bloating

When to see a doctor

Seek immediate medical attention if you have:

  • Sudden, severe abdominal or pelvic pain
  • Pain with fever or vomiting

If you have these signs and symptoms or those of shock — cold, clammy skin; rapid breathing; and lightheadedness or weakness — see a doctor right away.

Most ovarian cysts develop as a result of your menstrual cycle (functional cysts). Other types of cysts are much less common.

Functional cysts

Your ovaries normally grow cyst-like structures called follicles each month. Follicles produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone and release an egg when you ovulate.

If a normal monthly follicle keeps growing, it’s known as a functional cyst. There are two types of functional cysts:

  • Follicular cyst. Around the midpoint of your menstrual cycle, an egg bursts out of its follicle and travels down the fallopian tube. A follicular cyst begins when the follicle doesn’t rupture or release its egg, but continues to grow.
  • Corpus luteum cyst. When a follicle releases its egg, it begins producing estrogen and progesterone for conception. This follicle is now called the corpus luteum. Sometimes, fluid accumulates inside the follicle, causing the corpus luteum to grow into a cyst.

Functional cysts are usually harmless, rarely cause pain, and often disappear on their own within two or three menstrual cycles.

Other cysts

Types of cysts not related to the normal function of your menstrual cycle include:

  • Dermoid cysts. Additionally referred to as teratomas, those can comprise tissue, which include hair, skin or tooth, due to the fact they form from embryonic cells. They’re rarely cancerous.
  • Cystadenomas. These develop on the surface of an ovary and might be filled with a watery or a mucous material.
  • Endometriomas. These develop as a result of a condition in which uterine endometrial cells grow outside your uterus (endometriosis). Some of the tissue can attach to your ovary and form a growth.

Dermoid cysts and cystadenomas can become large, causing the ovary to move out of position. This increases the chance of painful twisting of your ovary, called ovarian torsion. Ovarian torsion may also result in decreasing or stopping blood flow to the ovary

Ovarian Cyst Mirena

Can Mirena cause an ovarian cyst?

About 12 out of 100 women using Mirena develop a cyst on the ovary. … However,cysts can cause pain and sometimes cysts will need surgery. This is not a complete list of possible side effects with Mirena.
Can Mirena cause an ovarian cyst?
Hormonal IUDs also list weight gain as a possible side effect. However, according to the Mirena website, fewer than 5 percent of women using it experience weight gain. … Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any side effects after the IUD is inserted that concern you.
Other Common Side Effects of Mirena
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Acne.
  • Allergic reaction.
  • Breast tenderness.
  • Mood changes.
  • Nausea.
  • Ovarian cysts.

Can Mirena cause hair loss?

If you’ve recently had a Mirena intrauterine device (IUD) inserted, you might have heard that it could cause hair lossMirena is one of the most commonly used forms of long-term birth control, but doctors don’t usually warn people of the possibility ofhair loss.

Watch: Woman with Giant Ovarian Cyst weighing as 10 BABIES thought to be World’s Largest removed whole

Due to its size, Dr. Erik Hanson and Dr. Abel Jalife removed the tumour whole fearing that draining the cyst could put the patient’s life at risk. Up to 20% of giant ovarian cysts are malignant, meaning that if the cyst was pierced it risked leaking tumorous cells into the patient’s body.

‘Draining beforehand can be dangerous, if any of the fluid spilled it risked contaminating the patient’s abdominal wall and spreading tumour cells,’ he added.

‘But to remove it whole is also difficult because the cyst wall is less than one millimetre thin and needs to be prevented from drying out, otherwise it could easily break too.’

‘There’s no real consensus in the medical community about which is the best technique to operate on giant cysts.’

The patient chose to take out the ovarian cyst completely rather than draining it first, despite knowing she would be left with a lengthy scar.

Extracting blackhead and whitehead

Identify a ganglion cyst. These are the most common types of lumps found on the hand and wrist. They are not cancerous and often harmless. Filled with fluid, they can quickly appear, disappear or change in size. They do not require treatment unless they interfere with function or are unacceptable in appearance.

Consider getting a second opinion if you are not satisfied with your physician’s diagnosis and treatment. Although most epidermoid and pilar cysts do not require treatment from a physician, if you do seek medical advice and are not satisfied with the results seek a second opinion. Most sebaceous and epidermoid cysts are straightforward, but there are other conditions that may mimic these cysts.

In a case study written in the Royal College of Surgeons of England, the authors presented two cases in which melanoma and a deep oral cavity were originally mistaken for a sebaceous cyst.

Giant malignant phyllodes tumor of the breast

A 60-year-old woman came to the outpatient clinic of our breast center with a 6 year history of an important mass of right breast. She reported self-examination of a nodular mass of the inner quadrant of right breast (about 2 cm) 6-years before. The patient had never undertaken a clinical or radiological breast check. The mass had gradually increased by size, and in the three month period before her visit, three skin ulcerations had appeared, with exudation and occasional bleeding.

The patient had no fever or anemia. The only symptoms reported were due to faulty posture linked to the weight of the tumor. The worsening symptoms (increased bleeding and exudation and appearance of foul smell) had prompted her to seek medical care.

She had family history of breast cancer (mother at the age of 85-year). Menarche was at the age of 14, one pregnancy at the age of 33 (by caesarean section), she breast-fed for 1 year, and started her menopause at the age of 50. She had followed an estrogen-progestin therapy for short periods in the past. The only significant comorbidity was found to be a GERD in combined therapy with PPI.

Laboratory data were within normal limits except for hemoglobin 10.5 g/dl (range 12-15 g/dl). Physical examination showed a large exophytic lumpy tumor of 43 × 40 cm fully occupying the right breast, with three areas of skin ulceration (about 3 × 3 cm, 8 × 7 cm and 12 × 9 cm) of the outer quadrant.

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Her left breast and the rest of her clinical examination were normal. Due to pain and size of the right breast mass, the patient was unable to have a mammography performed. There were no suspicious findings in the left breast or axilla.

The computed tomography showed a giant breast mass with multinodular confluent aspect, inhomogeneous enhancement (due to the presence of necrotic-colliquative components) and the evidence of multiple calcifications in the most caudal portion. The mass affected the soft tissues of the breast full thickness, with infiltration of large and small ipsilateral pectoral muscles. The soft tissues of the intercostal spaces did not always show a cleavage plane with the adipose mass (Figure 2a). It revealed no axillary pathological lymph nodes and nor of the internal mammary chain. The computed tomography scans also showed multiple pulmonary micro-nodular images of non-specific meaning and a solid non-calcified nodule (5 mm) in the lateral basal segment of the left inferior lobe, suspected to be of repetitive nature. After administration of a contrast agent, the left lobe of the liver, segment II, showed an unevenly hypodense nodule (48 mm × 40 mm × 45 mm) associated to a minimum ectasia of some bile ducts in upstream of the injury, therefore suggesting the mass was suspected for metastases.

It was not possible to perform a preoperative biopsy because the patient refused the procedure. She underwent a right mastectomy with partial resection of the pectoral muscles. The tumor did not appear macroscopically to be invading the chest wall. The tumor was characterized by important angiogenesis with several centimeter-sized vessels.

The wound was closed with no need of skin grafting and the total blood loss was less than 100 cc (Figure 3). The resected tumor was 41 × 32 × 22 cm and weighed 14200 gr (Figure 4) and appeared as a fleshy, multinodular confluent neo-formation with large necrotic, colliquative and calcified areas. Microscopic findings showed a malignancy spindle cell with moderate atypia and high mitotic activity (up to 28 × 10 HPF). Additional section showed a residual epithelial structure sometimes cystic and distorted without heterologous areas. The margin of the resected tumor showed a focal and partial infiltration of the muscle included into the resection. The final histopathological diagnosis was malignant phyllodes tumor